Flanks inflated, stomach hard to the touch. The animal becomes depressed. Leads to a decrease or lack of appetite, weight loss.
In some critical situations may be accompanied by salivation, gnashing of teeth.
Heavy breathing, shortness of breath, bulging eyes.
Heart palpitations, breathing.
In the worst case of gas pockets reach the diaphragm and compress vital organs: a Guinea pig can die from suffocation or cardiac arrest.
Bloating can cause sharp changes in the diet, some foods – cabbage, beans, onion plants, sweet fruits, fresh grass in untrained animals. The lack of hay, feeding dry food. Rotten, frozen food.
Excess moisture on an already-washed vegetables and greens, if a Guinea pig is not used to wet food.
It can also be due to diseases of the teeth, occlusion, bowel obstruction and other digestive problems.
Lack of physical activity or overweight. Guinea pigs need a constant walking to keep the intestines in good shape. Movement – the best prevention of blisters.
Yeast fungus in the gut (athlete’s foot).
Less bloating is caused by bacterial infection.
If pigs strong bloating, nodepocasino her immediately to the vet. The veterinarian should first of all establish the cause of flatulence. If necessary, can do a Cortisone shot.
When the blisters antibiotics cannot be used without attribution. They destroy the intestinal flora and in this case may be completely ineffective.
In extreme cases of bowel and stomach artificially produced gas by introducing the tube-cannula (microclysters) in the intestine and a gastric tube into the stomach. But this method is controversial. Only a very skilled doctor can do this procedure, which is quite painful for the animal. Internal injuries are common consequences of such operations.
First, you need to give the drug on the basis of simethicone, for example, SAB Simplex, Espumizan, etc. from 0.5 to 1 ml 3-6 times daily in the mouth from a syringe without a needle (in severe cases every 2 hours ).
To restore the damaged intestinal flora probiotic Olin recommended for rodents or Pro-Kolin.
The and other no-Spa antispasmodics are contraindicated in Guinea pigs! Due to weak peristalsis, the muscle relaxants can cause atony of the intestine. This is deadly dangerous! Alternatively, apply analgesics. For example, the active substance Metamizole – 0,1 ml per 1 kg of body weight, orally every 4 to 6 hours, or Meloxicam (0.2 mg / day).
Recommended massage. Animal to land on her knees, and gently massage the belly from the neck to the back of the body.
Remove vegetables from the diet. When the bloated pig needs to eat hay, dried herbs and drinking the water. You can optionally feed from a syringe without a needle fenhelevy cold, or chamomile tea, a decoction of hay (some hay pour boiling water, let stand, cool down and give 30-50ml). Dried herbs (mint, dill, chamomile, lemon balm and yarrow) have a beneficial effect on the intestines. Once the swelling stops, pig basis can gradually accustom to the vegetables. Better to start with small pieces of fennel, grated sour apples (let stand to an Apple turning brown), celery or carrots. Be careful when dieting. Guinea pigs at this point may require additional watering of vitamin C.
For minor swellings should abandon those vegetables that triggered it (for example, cabbage, salads, cucumbers, fruits, other, containing sugar or lots of water, vegetables).
If a pig refuses food, feed artificially.
Some sources suggest using a heating pad. Additional heat is not recommended. It’s relaxing, but also contributes to the intense fermentation of the contents in the intestine, which, in fact, is the cause of blisters. Thus, the swelling may increase.
Also, some sources recommended to give yogurt because of the presence of bacteria. But pigs are not lactose intolerant, it is not split into galactose and glucose, and moves on into the colon, where it begins to ferment, again causing bloating and diarrhea. This also applies to lactose-containing probiotics. Therefore for pigs is not suitable Linex and the like.
Any changes in the diet make gradually. Accustomed to succulent feed, start with small portions, gradually increasing.
Normalized feeding and uniform load of the digestive system.
Pigs need to move a lot.
Regular feeding the following products
1. herbs: dill, mint, lemon balm, Basil, parsley, marjoram, sage, lovage, nettle, thyme.
2. forest herbs: dandelion, chamomile real, yarrow, and chicory.
3. seeds: dill seeds, fennel seeds, cumin seeds, anise seeds.
4. vegetables: fennel, artichoke.