Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Not so long ago in training adhere to an authoritarian parenting style by using punishment as a measure to “fix” the dog. I want to believe that such an approach in the past. Today more and more supporters among the so-called motivational training. But do not forget that although training methods have changed over time, the structure and principles of functioning of a dog’s psyche is always the same.
To train a dog – all the same what to learn to talk with a man from another country. Both need to learn to understand the language of each other. We have three ways in which we can communicate, body language, voice and touch.
Body language in the animal world the most important way of communication. The dog is very closely watching the movements of the master therefore, when you give a voice command, watch what visual signals you send your dog. For example, the command “wait”, do not look her in the eye, try to freeze as much as possible that the dog has no reason to be, close to you. Conversely, when you want to call the dog, complete the command excitatory gestures, take a few extra steps back and you like pull the dog up to him more.
OKD – domestic system of dog training developed by the father of Russian service dog, Vsevolod Vasilyevich Yazykov of nearly 100 years ago. After the civil war it was decided to mass recruitment of dogs for the army, created a group of dogs, sappers and saboteurs (destruction of enemy military equipment). Languages have developed educational and disciplinary cycle (specialists) for training service dogs, which subsequently became the BAS system. It is remarkable that for so many decades, the curriculum has not changed. Continue reading
Having made the decision to have a pet, everyone chooses him according to their own criteria. In color, sex, fluffiness… Often want to see an intelligent cat. But how to choose?
Why cats are smart
The older the breed the more intelligent
Smart to doubt whether cats can only those who were not. The owners of furry beauties in one voice declare. And each individual in their own way.
All feline predators. It is important for them to lie in wait and catch the game, not to be left without food. So the brains are better developed compared to herbivores.
With the instinct of the hunter is associated with the fact that the ancient breed, the smarter its representatives.
Although purebred animals sometimes surprise with their ingenuity. This is due to two factors:
mongrels are harder to survive, therefore, need to show more gumption than sleek Pets; Continue reading