Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Reptiles have become popular as Pets recently. The pursuit of these species of wild fauna have become popular. Fashion or really the desire to buy this kind, it is difficult to say. But the exotic, of course, they don’t take away some.
However, people very often when buying a reptile, don’t bother to study the rules on its care and maintenance. This gap must be filled, as there are a number of all kinds of nuances that everyone should know the owner of the reptiles.
Before purchasing a reptile, you need to know the fact that its content will cost you dearly. It requires additional knowledge and experience.
Reptiles include lizards, geanny, turtles, snakes, crocodiles. For all species necessarily need a cage, if an animal requires a large amount of water, it should be Aqua terrarium. The terrarium should be equipped with heaters, incandescent lamps, termocamini and much more. To feed reptiles need high-quality forage. Before purchasing a reptile in the pet store, you need to consult a veterinarian how to properly take care of it. Before buying please check the documents certifying the health of this species given to you. Help should contain information about the animal today. However, it is best to make sure of that and when unexposure reptiles. What to pay attention? Eyes – they should be free of swelling and scabs, mucous membrane should not contain red spots and visible sores. Normal color is shell – pink. Skin healthy reptiles clean, bright without damage. Continue reading
Not so long ago in training adhere to an authoritarian parenting style by using punishment as a measure to “fix” the dog. I want to believe that such an approach in the past. Today more and more supporters among the so-called motivational training. But do not forget that although training methods have changed over time, the structure and principles of functioning of a dog’s psyche is always the same.
To train a dog – all the same what to learn to talk with a man from another country. Both need to learn to understand the language of each other. We have three ways in which we can communicate, body language, voice and touch.
Body language in the animal world the most important way of communication. The dog is very closely watching the movements of the master therefore, when you give a voice command, watch what visual signals you send your dog. For example, the command “wait”, do not look her in the eye, try to freeze as much as possible that the dog has no reason to be, close to you. Conversely, when you want to call the dog, complete the command excitatory gestures, take a few extra steps back and you like pull the dog up to him more.
OKD – domestic system of dog training developed by the father of Russian service dog, Vsevolod Vasilyevich Yazykov of nearly 100 years ago. After the civil war it was decided to mass recruitment of dogs for the army, created a group of dogs, sappers and saboteurs (destruction of enemy military equipment). Languages have developed educational and disciplinary cycle (specialists) for training service dogs, which subsequently became the BAS system. It is remarkable that for so many decades, the curriculum has not changed. Continue reading