Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Every pet owner, going to the doctor to find out what his pet was ill. At the reception, the doctor first will ask You about Your animal. The owner must provide the doctor with complete information: – what is an animal feeding; – appetite (increased, decreased, absent); – whether there are violations of stool and urination; – when sick – has there been prophylactic vaccination and treatment against parasites; these are the basic questions which are often primarily set by the doctor. He then measures the temperature of the body and conducts the inspection of the animal, auscultation (heart and lungs).
Simple inspection is not always enough for an accurate diagnosis. And then veterinarian recommends to pass additional examinations.
Common clinical analysis of blood (blood EYE)
Held almost always. This is the most common type of research. This analysis is necessary for animals with fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and before surgery. Provides an opportunity to assess amount of formed elements of blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets). This, in turn, allows to detect anemia, infection, disorders of blood clotting, the immune response of the body.
Biochemical studies of blood of animals
When need to figure out how to work the internal organs,when examining an elderly patient, or for preparation to surgery, using biochemical analysis of blood. The study of blood serum provides an opportunity to assess the activity of certain enzymes in the body, thereby, giving Continue reading
Not so long ago in training adhere to an authoritarian parenting style by using punishment as a measure to “fix” the dog. I want to believe that such an approach in the past. Today more and more supporters among the so-called motivational training. But do not forget that although training methods have changed over time, the structure and principles of functioning of a dog’s psyche is always the same.
To train a dog – all the same what to learn to talk with a man from another country. Both need to learn to understand the language of each other. We have three ways in which we can communicate, body language, voice and touch.
Body language in the animal world the most important way of communication. The dog is very closely watching the movements of the master therefore, when you give a voice command, watch what visual signals you send your dog. For example, the command “wait”, do not look her in the eye, try to freeze as much as possible that the dog has no reason to be, close to you. Conversely, when you want to call the dog, complete the command excitatory gestures, take a few extra steps back and you like pull the dog up to him more.
OKD – domestic system of dog training developed by the father of Russian service dog, Vsevolod Vasilyevich Yazykov of nearly 100 years ago. After the civil war it was decided to mass recruitment of dogs for the army, created a group of dogs, sappers and saboteurs (destruction of enemy military equipment). Languages have developed educational and disciplinary cycle (specialists) for training service dogs, which subsequently became the BAS system. It is remarkable that for so many decades, the curriculum has not changed. Continue reading