The value of the function of the gastrointestinal tract in normal functioning of the entire body of the animal is difficult to overestimate. It does not even need to possess any special knowledge, you can make the appropriate conclusion based on their own life experience. Few people living have not experienced at least once in a lifetime any disorder of the digestive apparatus. Worsens not only the appetite or the chair, but also overall health, and, quite significantly. So that you can understand the importance of excellent digestion for the whole organism. The same rule applies to our Pets, feeding healthy full depends on the state of their health. The nutrients in the feed ingredients necessary to maintain life and health.To properly feed an animal, one must have at least a basic understanding of their physiology.
Dogs are carnivores, their diet preferably, the predominance of fodder of animal origin with high protein: meat, offal. Like all carnivores, dogs have a gastro-intestinal type of digestion. They consume protein and fatty food is digested mainly in the stomach and small intestine. The relative volume of the stomach they are high, and the length of the intestine is much less prodolzhitelnym comparison with human or other omnivorous animals.After food intake the crop is in the stomach of 4 to 10 hours, depending on the composition and texture of food. Food rich in carbohydrates, is evacuated into the intestine faster than rich in proteins and especially fats. Well-chopped food leaves the stomach faster than a badly shredded.
Swallowed the fluid passes into the duodenum immediately, especially with a full stomach. Digestion is composed of many components, leading of which are enzymatic composition of the digestive juices produced by the cells of glands located in the mucous membrane of the mouth, Continue reading
Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Many pet owners mistakenly believe that if their pet never goes outside, fleas are not afraid of him. Unfortunately, it is not so. Let’s first examine what are fleas and what are the ways of infection.
Fleas are of two types – “continuous”, that is, those that remain on the animal and those who attack, bite, drink blood and after go back to his habitat. The latter is known as “grass fleas”, thus they can live not only in grass but also in the animal litter, and even in a secluded corner under the baseboard. Their main feature is a temporary stay on the animal.
Grass fleas are attacking all indiscriminately – and to dogs and cats, and rabbits, and on human beings, while permanent fleas often (but not always!) are selective, being largely species-specific (cat fleas, dog fleas, fleas rabbits, etc.)
Persistent fleas, as a rule, greatly inferior in jumping ability as its “herbal” relatives, and their infection occurs mainly through contact with sick animals. At the same time, to herbal pick up fleas almost anywhere, and even if the animal is not facing the street, it is still at risk, as fleas can be brought into the home on shoes and clothing.
What are the dangers of fleas and what are the symptoms?
Fleas can become infected animal of any age and breed. While infecting the animal concerned, itches,bites. When combing hair, you can see the fleas and their excrement, as well as the so-called “flea house”. Continue reading