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Who is smarter, dogs, primates or dolphins?

The study of intellectual abilities of four-legged clever British scientists have established “vocabulary” of the average dog – 165 human words. That is, according to its development normal dog thinks at the level of two-year-old.

More “erudite” to remember is to understand up to 250 words and in arithmetic are catching up with three – four kids. And social development, they reach the level of the average teenager.

In the ranking of the most intelligent breeds in the top three behind border collies, poodles and German shepherds. Behind them, Golden retrievers, Dobermans, Shelties and Labradors. But hunting breed specific intellectual abilities are not whipped.

This genius dog was recognized as 6-year-old border collie by the name of Chaser. For three years of enhanced daily workouts (it worked for 4-5 hours without days off), Chaser have learned to recognize the names of more than a thousand different items! It can find in a pile of soft toys that requests people. Only once the dog can be found among the hundreds of items at least 18 out of 20 friends to her voice.

The main goal of researchers was to find out whether the dog’s limit on the number of words that she can understand. Can dogs recognize the names of objects, not just the commands associated with the object, such as “take”.

It turned out that Chaser can not only recognize objects, but to find them among superficially similar. Moreover, the dog can isolate subjects on a number of grounds, for example, in the form of (what are beginning to be accustomed for children under three years). Continue reading

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