Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Every pet owner, going to the doctor to find out what his pet was ill. At the reception, the doctor first will ask You about Your animal. The owner must provide the doctor with complete information: – what is an animal feeding; – appetite (increased, decreased, absent); – whether there are violations of stool and urination; – when sick – has there been prophylactic vaccination and treatment against parasites; these are the basic questions which are often primarily set by the doctor. He then measures the temperature of the body and conducts the inspection of the animal, auscultation (heart and lungs).
Simple inspection is not always enough for an accurate diagnosis. And then veterinarian recommends to pass additional examinations.
Common clinical analysis of blood (blood EYE)
Held almost always. This is the most common type of research. This analysis is necessary for animals with fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and before surgery. Provides an opportunity to assess amount of formed elements of blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets). This, in turn, allows to detect anemia, infection, disorders of blood clotting, the immune response of the body.
Biochemical studies of blood of animals
When need to figure out how to work the internal organs,when examining an elderly patient, or for preparation to surgery, using biochemical analysis of blood. The study of blood serum provides an opportunity to assess the activity of certain enzymes in the body, thereby, giving Continue reading
In 1919 on the initiative of the largest scientists, nutritionists and veterinary specialists, including tonight Alexei Romanovich in accordance with the decision of the Government in Moscow was opened in Moscow veterinary Institute (in Pimenovsky lane, building 5).
Since the establishment of the Moscow veterinary Institute when it opened in the Department of pathology and therapy (head, Professor A. R. Evgrafov), clinical diagnostics (headed by Professor G. M. Andrievsky) and of obstetrics (head Professor N. F. Myshkin).
For a long time the Department was developing as independent units
In April of 2012 with the purpose of optimization of educational process has been the merger of faculty of internal noncontagious diseases of animals (former chair of pathology and therapy) with the Department of clinical diagnostics and disease of young animals (order No. 94) and was named chair of the Diagnostics of illnesses and therapy of animals, and in September 2014, the joint Department has joined the Department of obstetrics and reproduction of animals.
Joint head of the Department was elected as the doctor of veterinary Sciences, Professor Denisenko Viktor Nikolaevich.
At the Department students are trained on specialities: veterinary (specialist), veterinary-sanitary examination (BSC), veterinary-sanitary examination (master’s degree). Studied disciplines: “Clinical diagnosis with radiology”,”Veterinary propaedeutics animals”, “Laboratory diagnostics”, “diagnostics Tool”, “Hematology”, “Internal noncontagious diseases of animals”, “Biology and pathology of the horse”. Continue reading