The value of the function of the gastrointestinal tract in normal functioning of the entire body of the animal is difficult to overestimate. It does not even need to possess any special knowledge, you can make the appropriate conclusion based on their own life experience. Few people living have not experienced at least once in a lifetime any disorder of the digestive apparatus. Worsens not only the appetite or the chair, but also overall health, and, quite significantly. So that you can understand the importance of excellent digestion for the whole organism. The same rule applies to our Pets, feeding healthy full depends on the state of their health. The nutrients in the feed ingredients necessary to maintain life and health.To properly feed an animal, one must have at least a basic understanding of their physiology.
Dogs are carnivores, their diet preferably, the predominance of fodder of animal origin with high protein: meat, offal. Like all carnivores, dogs have a gastro-intestinal type of digestion. They consume protein and fatty food is digested mainly in the stomach and small intestine. The relative volume of the stomach they are high, and the length of the intestine is much less prodolzhitelnym comparison with human or other omnivorous animals.After food intake the crop is in the stomach of 4 to 10 hours, depending on the composition and texture of food. Food rich in carbohydrates, is evacuated into the intestine faster than rich in proteins and especially fats. Well-chopped food leaves the stomach faster than a badly shredded.
Swallowed the fluid passes into the duodenum immediately, especially with a full stomach. Digestion is composed of many components, leading of which are enzymatic composition of the digestive juices produced by the cells of glands located in the mucous membrane of the mouth, Continue reading
Many pet owners mistakenly believe that if their pet never goes outside, fleas are not afraid of him. Unfortunately, it is not so. Let’s first examine what are fleas and what are the ways of infection.
Fleas are of two types – “continuous”, that is, those that remain on the animal and those who attack, bite, drink blood and after go back to his habitat. The latter is known as “grass fleas”, thus they can live not only in grass but also in the animal litter, and even in a secluded corner under the baseboard. Their main feature is a temporary stay on the animal.
Grass fleas are attacking all indiscriminately – and to dogs and cats, and rabbits, and on human beings, while permanent fleas often (but not always!) are selective, being largely species-specific (cat fleas, dog fleas, fleas rabbits, etc.)
Persistent fleas, as a rule, greatly inferior in jumping ability as its “herbal” relatives, and their infection occurs mainly through contact with sick animals. At the same time, to herbal pick up fleas almost anywhere, and even if the animal is not facing the street, it is still at risk, as fleas can be brought into the home on shoes and clothing.
What are the dangers of fleas and what are the symptoms?
Fleas can become infected animal of any age and breed. While infecting the animal concerned, itches,bites. When combing hair, you can see the fleas and their excrement, as well as the so-called “flea house”. Continue reading
It is perhaps no surprise the cat, freely located on the boss’s couch, or a dog, with joyful barking and running out into the hallway. But in recent years more and more often in the homes of our countrymen appear exotic Pets that came from different countries of the world. This can be a ferret or Achatina, iguana or tarantula, chinchilla or opossum. About the last representative of the exotic animals we will tell you today.
Sugar possum: General information
These adorable miniature animals live in the Eastern and Northern parts of Australia, in Tasmania, on the Islands of the Bismarck archipelago, in New Guinea. Most of the time the flying squirrel (often called possum) holds in trees and rarely descends to earth. Most often they are found in eucalyptus forests. It should be noted that sugar possum is a creature, it is easy to adapt to new conditions, and therefore currently it can be found in any forest where there is the necessary forage base. That’s why these cute animals until extinction.
Possum is active at night. Feeds on the sweet SAP of Acacias and certain eucalyptus, nectar, and fruits of other trees. Insects, small vertebrates and invertebrates (protein food) play an important role in the diet of these simpaticissimo.
In case of shortage of feed (during the winter) the possum falls into a state that can be compared with lethargy. They can be utilized up to 23 hours a day.
The flying squirrel is a social animal. They live in families in which there are up to seven males. The whole family, including adults, but have not yet left the parents of the pups lives in the same nest and divides one territory – about one hundred acres. The chief in the group – the alpha male. Continue reading