The value of the function of the gastrointestinal tract in normal functioning of the entire body of the animal is difficult to overestimate. It does not even need to possess any special knowledge, you can make the appropriate conclusion based on their own life experience. Few people living have not experienced at least once in a lifetime any disorder of the digestive apparatus. Worsens not only the appetite or the chair, but also overall health, and, quite significantly. So that you can understand the importance of excellent digestion for the whole organism. The same rule applies to our Pets, feeding healthy full depends on the state of their health. The nutrients in the feed ingredients necessary to maintain life and health.To properly feed an animal, one must have at least a basic understanding of their physiology.
Dogs are carnivores, their diet preferably, the predominance of fodder of animal origin with high protein: meat, offal. Like all carnivores, dogs have a gastro-intestinal type of digestion. They consume protein and fatty food is digested mainly in the stomach and small intestine. The relative volume of the stomach they are high, and the length of the intestine is much less prodolzhitelnym comparison with human or other omnivorous animals.After food intake the crop is in the stomach of 4 to 10 hours, depending on the composition and texture of food. Food rich in carbohydrates, is evacuated into the intestine faster than rich in proteins and especially fats. Well-chopped food leaves the stomach faster than a badly shredded.
Swallowed the fluid passes into the duodenum immediately, especially with a full stomach. Digestion is composed of many components, leading of which are enzymatic composition of the digestive juices produced by the cells of glands located in the mucous membrane of the mouth, Continue reading
Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
It is perhaps no surprise the cat, freely located on the boss’s couch, or a dog, with joyful barking and running out into the hallway. But in recent years more and more often in the homes of our countrymen appear exotic Pets that came from different countries of the world. This can be a ferret or Achatina, iguana or tarantula, chinchilla or opossum. About the last representative of the exotic animals we will tell you today.
Sugar possum: General information
These adorable miniature animals live in the Eastern and Northern parts of Australia, in Tasmania, on the Islands of the Bismarck archipelago, in New Guinea. Most of the time the flying squirrel (often called possum) holds in trees and rarely descends to earth. Most often they are found in eucalyptus forests. It should be noted that sugar possum is a creature, it is easy to adapt to new conditions, and therefore currently it can be found in any forest where there is the necessary forage base. That’s why these cute animals until extinction.
Possum is active at night. Feeds on the sweet SAP of Acacias and certain eucalyptus, nectar, and fruits of other trees. Insects, small vertebrates and invertebrates (protein food) play an important role in the diet of these simpaticissimo.
In case of shortage of feed (during the winter) the possum falls into a state that can be compared with lethargy. They can be utilized up to 23 hours a day.
The flying squirrel is a social animal. They live in families in which there are up to seven males. The whole family, including adults, but have not yet left the parents of the pups lives in the same nest and divides one territory – about one hundred acres. The chief in the group – the alpha male. Continue reading