Pathoanatomical autopsy (gr. autopsy, auton — it-yourself, opsis — look, lat, section, sectire— less, reveal) is a comprehensive study of a fallen or dead animal for the purpose of verifying the accuracy of in vivo diagnosis, establishment of morphological changes in organs and causes his death.
In our country the state veterinary service in accordance with Soviet and veterinary legislation is science-based comprehensive system of preventive measures for development of livestock, warning the emergence and spread of animal diseases, many of which are dangerous for humans. When disease occurrence is crucial to the timely and accurate diagnosis on which to base targeted treatment and preventive measures for health improvement of animals. Post-mortem autopsy of the fallen or slaughtered animals is one of methods of diagnostics of infectious, parasitic and noncontagious illnesses of animals. Unopened corpses of animals that died of anthrax, glanders, and some other anthropozoonotic diseases. To exclude or confirm these diseases, conduct laboratory studies. When establishing anthropozoonotic be destroyed along with the skin.
The value of pathological diagnosis has become even more relevant with the enlargement, specialization and mechanization of livestock farms, so that timely diagnosis helps prevent large economic losses.
In medical practice post-mortem examination held by doctors — pathologists (protectora), constituents of special service. Veterinary protection of livestock carry out veterinary doctors and medical assistants, who perform all veterinary activities, including sectional work. At the departments of pathological anatomy veterinary institutes, diagnostic laboratories and factories for the production of meat and bone meal (veterinary and sanitary salvage plants) are doctors-pathologists. Continue reading
Many pet owners mistakenly believe that if their pet never goes outside, fleas are not afraid of him. Unfortunately, it is not so. Let’s first examine what are fleas and what are the ways of infection.
Fleas are of two types – “continuous”, that is, those that remain on the animal and those who attack, bite, drink blood and after go back to his habitat. The latter is known as “grass fleas”, thus they can live not only in grass but also in the animal litter, and even in a secluded corner under the baseboard. Their main feature is a temporary stay on the animal.
Grass fleas are attacking all indiscriminately – and to dogs and cats, and rabbits, and on human beings, while permanent fleas often (but not always!) are selective, being largely species-specific (cat fleas, dog fleas, fleas rabbits, etc.)
Persistent fleas, as a rule, greatly inferior in jumping ability as its “herbal” relatives, and their infection occurs mainly through contact with sick animals. At the same time, to herbal pick up fleas almost anywhere, and even if the animal is not facing the street, it is still at risk, as fleas can be brought into the home on shoes and clothing.
What are the dangers of fleas and what are the symptoms?
Fleas can become infected animal of any age and breed. While infecting the animal concerned, itches,bites. When combing hair, you can see the fleas and their excrement, as well as the so-called “flea house”. Continue reading
Every pet owner, going to the doctor to find out what his pet was ill. At the reception, the doctor first will ask You about Your animal. The owner must provide the doctor with complete information: – what is an animal feeding; – appetite (increased, decreased, absent); – whether there are violations of stool and urination; – when sick – has there been prophylactic vaccination and treatment against parasites; these are the basic questions which are often primarily set by the doctor. He then measures the temperature of the body and conducts the inspection of the animal, auscultation (heart and lungs).
Simple inspection is not always enough for an accurate diagnosis. And then veterinarian recommends to pass additional examinations.
Common clinical analysis of blood (blood EYE)
Held almost always. This is the most common type of research. This analysis is necessary for animals with fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and before surgery. Provides an opportunity to assess amount of formed elements of blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets). This, in turn, allows to detect anemia, infection, disorders of blood clotting, the immune response of the body.
Biochemical studies of blood of animals
When need to figure out how to work the internal organs,when examining an elderly patient, or for preparation to surgery, using biochemical analysis of blood. The study of blood serum provides an opportunity to assess the activity of certain enzymes in the body, thereby, giving Continue reading