Modern methods of diagnostics of animal diseases.
Every pet owner, going to the doctor to find out what his pet was ill. At the reception, the doctor first will ask You about Your animal. The owner must provide the doctor with complete information: – what is an animal feeding; – appetite (increased, decreased, absent); – whether there are violations of stool and urination; – when sick – has there been prophylactic vaccination and treatment against parasites; these are the basic questions which are often primarily set by the doctor. He then measures the temperature of the body and conducts the inspection of the animal, auscultation (heart and lungs).
Simple inspection is not always enough for an accurate diagnosis. And then veterinarian recommends to pass additional examinations.
Common clinical analysis of blood (blood EYE)
Held almost always. This is the most common type of research. This analysis is necessary for animals with fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and before surgery. Provides an opportunity to assess amount of formed elements of blood (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets). This, in turn, allows to detect anemia, infection, disorders of blood clotting, the immune response of the body.
Biochemical studies of blood of animals
When need to figure out how to work the internal organs,when examining an elderly patient, or for preparation to surgery, using biochemical analysis of blood. The study of blood serum provides an opportunity to assess the activity of certain enzymes in the body, thereby, giving the opportunity to discover not only which organs are affected, but also to assess the severity of a pathological condition. In addition to enzymes used to conduct blood chemistry studies the number of substrates and fats and electrolytes (minerals dissolved in the blood plasma) serum.
General clinical analysis of urine (the urine of an EYE)
An indispensable method for the diagnosis of many pathologies associated primarily with the urinary system. And not only. The most important method for the diagnosis of causes of obstruction of the urinary ducts, to determine the causes of blockage of the urinary tract and determine the condition of the urinary tract (kidneys). In the complex holding an EYE urine revealed the presence and type of inorganic compounds in the sediment (uric acid crystals, the tripel’fosfatov, oxalate of calcium, etc.), it gives the possibility to prescribe the right treatment for kidney stones disease cats and dogs. Also allows you to identify the inflammatory and degenerative changes in the bladder and kidneys. The liver, blood system, etc.
Common clinical analysis of a feces (OKA Kala)
With this analysis you can estimate: – enzyme activity and digestive capacity of the stomach and intestines; – the nature and intensity of microbial activity (dysbiosis); – the presence of inflammatory process; – evacuation function of the stomach and intestines (digestive tract works); – the presence of helminths, protozoa and their eggs (cysts)
X – ray- an old and well-known method of diagnosis. Primarily used in the diagnosis of lesions of the skeletal system: fractures, osteosarcoma, dysplasia, joint diseases, compression of spinal disease, etc. Allows you to set the permeability of the intestine, or, for example, a diverticulum of the esophagus, hernia and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. X-rays provide valuable information in cardiac and respiratory (pulmonary edema, pleurisy, bronchitis, presence of metastases) disease.
Ultrasound provides the ability to get on the scanner screen two-dimensional image of the internal organs and soft tissues, to assess the contours, shape, size, structure. Although ultrasound is attributed to additional methods of examination of the patient animal, but it is often the only diagnostic test that allows to diagnose. The example in the first place are gynecological, andrological diseases, and obstetric practice (diagnosis of normal and pathological pregnancy, retention of placenta, endometritis, purulent inflammation of the uterus, ovarian cysts, prostatitis, hypertrophy and tumors of the prostate, etc.). In these cases, only ultrasound allows to put the correct diagnosis and often save the patient’s life through timely surgical intervention. Ultrasound allows us to estimate the degree of damage of an organ and the nature of structural changes in it that an experienced diagnostician can identify liver disease (e.g. hepatitis, cirrhosis or steatosis), kidney (nephritis, nephrosclerosis). If necessary voluminous diagnostics of pathological formations in the abdominal cavity, such as tumors, cysts, hematoma, also used ultrasound. Echocardiography is ultrasonography of the heart, which allows for the identification of organic and functional changes in the heart.
The diversity of modern diagnostic methods helps veterinary doctors to diagnose and prescribe the correct diagnosis. Despite this, many owners do not want to spend additional research time and money. And as a result receive less effective treatment, because doctors have to act practically in the blind